Mark 2:23-28 Lord of the Sabbath

Matt 12 / Mk 2:23 / Luke 6 – Lord of the Sabbath


23 One Sabbath …..



     From work :

The 39 categories of activity prohibited on Shabbat can be divided into four groups.

The first 11 categories are activities required to bake bread.

The next 13 categories are activities required to make a garment.

The next 9 categories are activities required to make leather.

The final 6 categories are activities required to build a structure or building.

The following activities are encouraged on Shabbat:

Spending Shabbat together with one’s own immediate family;

Temple attendance for prayers;

Visiting family and friends (within walking distance);

Hosting guests (hachnasat orchim, “hospitality”);

Singing zemirot, special songs for the Shabbat.

Reading, studying and discussing Torah and commentary, Mishnah and Talmud, learning some Halakha and Midrash.



symbolic importance of the Sabbath in God’s covenant with Israel. It was called a “sign” of the covenant (Exodus 31:13), like a wedding ring is to a marriage. Not wearing your wedding ring suggests that you’re not committed to your marriage. In the same way, not honoring the Sabbath showed contempt for the covenant as a whole (Numbers 15:32-36).


23 ….Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain. 24 The Pharisees said to him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”

Ex 29:33

25 He answered, “Have you never read ….

NEVER READ = how is it possible that you missed….

….what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need? 26 In the days of Abiathar the high priest, he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread, which is lawful only for priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions.”

1 Sam 21:1-6

27 Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Jesus’ divine role over the Sabbath

John 17:24 Jesus prays that we would see his glory….


(Exodus 29:33).

The words may properly mean “in the days when Abiathar was living who became high priest, and was more eminent than his father.” The shewbread; literally, the bread of the face, that is, of the Divine presence, symbolizing the Divine Being who is the Bread of life.

. Man was not made for the sabbath,for he was made a day before the sabbath was instituted. Man was made for God,and for his honour and service, and he just rather die than deny him; but he was not made for the sabbath,…

2. He had much moreregard to our souls.The sabbathwas made a day of rest, only in order to its being a day of holy work, a day of communion with God, a day of praise and thanksgiving;

John 17:24 Jesus prays that we would see his glory….